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Bà tổ của nghề may-Nguyễn Thị Sen

Ngày 12 tháng Chạp hằng năm, hầu hết hiệp thợ may cả nước đều giỗ tổ để ngưỡng vọng công đức tổ nghề và các vị tiền bối có công lưu truyền thủ nghệ. Giỗ tổ đã nghề may trở thành thông lệ và là một cách hành xử văn hóa của bộ phận người lao động đối với truyền thống cha ông. Lễ vật dâng tổ nghề thường là một cành hoa, con gà, đĩa trầu cau, ly rượu và chén nước lã. Nhiều tiệm còn cúng đầu heo, heo quay hay vịt là tuỳ theo ý nguyện và hiệu quả làm ăn trong năm. Tổ nghề may được dân gian lưu truyền là bà Nguyễn Thị Sen.

Nguyễn Thị Sen (? - ?), là thứ phi của vua Đinh Tiên Hoàng trong lịch sử Việt Nam, quê quán ở làng Trạch Xá, xã Hòa Lâm huyện Ứng Hòa, Hà Nội. Theo thần tích đền thờ tổ nghề ở Trạch Xá, Bà tổ nghề may Nguyễn Thị Sen là một người con gái xinh đẹp, đảm đang của làng Trạch Xá. Tục truyền rằng, Nguyễn Thị Sen là tứ phi của Vua Đinh Tiên Hoàng, kết duyên cùng đức Vua khi ông về đây chiêu mộ hào kiệt. Về Kinh đô Hoa Lư, Nguyễn Thị Sen được phong là tứ phi. Với sự khéo léo và sáng tạo, bà đã giúp các cung nữ phát triển, sáng tạo được nghề may trong cung vua.

Sau khi Vua Đinh Tiên Hoàng mất quyền hành rơi vào tay Dương Vân Nga và Lê Hoàn, bà đã từ giã hoàng cung cùng với con trở về quê hương truyền dạy nghề cho nhân dân trong làng. Khi mất bà được lập đền thờ và tôn làm bà tổ nghề áo dài truyền thống. Từ đó đến nay, cha truyền con nối, thế hệ trước dạy cho thế hệ sau, nghề may gắn bó với người Trạch Xá và trở thành nghề truyền thống của làng. Trạch Xá hôm nay có cả một đại bản doanh của mình trên đất Hà Thành.

Lễ hội giỗ tổ Thợ may ngày nay được tổ chức khá lớn vào ngày 12 tháng chạp Âm Lịch hàng năm tại Trạch Xá và Hội An.

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